Facts About Ganglion Cyst: Cause, Symptoms and Treatment

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This is actually Ganglion cyst. What is Ganglion cyst? Ganglion cyst—a benign fluid-filled lump that grows on the joints or tendons, it can start with dot size until it become an inch size. By recognizing it, point a flashlight at your lump. If light shines through it, you know you have a ganglion cyst.

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According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 60 to 70 percent develop on the front or back of the wrist. And it can also develop in the finger and feet which is near any joint. It’s actually younger women—age 20 to 40—who are most plagued by these cysts.

Even super-fit folks and children can develop them. What are Causes of ganglion cysts? Actually no one knows what causes a ganglion cyst to form.

Some of the theories include:

-The body responds to injury, trauma or overuse by forming an internal ‘blister’.

-Small tears in the tendon membrane or joint capsule allow the contents to squeeze out. What are the Symptoms of ganglion cysts? The symptoms of a ganglion cyst include:

-It has visible swelling or lump. -The lump is able to change its size, including going away completely only to return.

-The lump is usually soft and immobile. In some cases, the lump is painful and aching, particularly those at the base of fingers. –

The ache and pain is made worse by moving any nearby joints. -The affected tendon may cause a sensation of muscular weakness.

-The back of the hands and wrists are most commonly affected. Other sites include the back of the knee (Bakers cyst), ankle, foot, palm and fingers.

How ganglion cysts can be diagnosed? Ganglion cysts are diagnosed using a number of tests including: Medical history Physical examination Ultrasound X-rays Needle aspiration (a fine needle is used to draw off fluid, which is then examined in a laboratory).

What are the Treatments for ganglion cysts? Have you ever heard about the term ‘Bible therapy’? Ganglion cysts used to be treated by slamming them with a heavy book such as a Bible. This isn’t a good idea, as you could cause further injury.

Medical treatment options include:

Close monitoring – if the ganglion cyst isn’t causing pain or interfering with movement, some doctors prefer to wait and see. The cyst may simply disappear on its own.

Needle aspiration – one of the tests to diagnose ganglion cysts involves drawing off the fluid with a fine needle. In many cases (around 75 per cent), this treatment empties the cyst and no further action is needed.

Surgery – if your lump keeps coming back or is in an awkward spot, surgery—a more permanent solution—may be recommended. The cyst or cysts are surgically removed, usually by a specialist such as an orthopaedic surgeon. Ganglion cysts of the feet will usually require surgery.

However, it is always best to consult your doctor to make sure the lump isn’t a symptom of some other disease. If your ganglion cyst is painful, or if it interferes with your mobility or causes sensations of numbness or pins and needles, see your doctor.

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