Birth Certificate Errors: What are the Guidelines and Documents Needed for Any Rectifications

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We probably aware that fixing important documents such as Birth certificate errors (Name, Age or etc.) here in Philippines is really exhausting and costly too. Birth Certificate is a small paper but it actually establishes who you are and gives access to the rights and the privileges, and the obligations, of citizenship. Who would not be frustrated if you found out some errors in the birth certificate? The best step is to find or ask right solution regarding this matter. You just have to ready yourself that you need to convey some extra effort, time and patience. But don’t be alarm, in this article you can find some helpful solution that can lessen your worries. We will present you the guidelines and the documents that you need in fixing errors to comply with.

Make sure that know first what should be corrected. Here are the Guidelines on how to identify errors and what you should do to correct on your Birth Certificate:

COMMON ERRORS IN A BIRTH CERTIFICATE

These errors are often caused because of carelessness and typical human errors. If you think these are just a few simple mistakes, think again, because this will surely be taking part of the most hassle you’ll face.

Blurred

In this case, the local civil registry should request to endorse a clear copy of birth certificate to the NSO. If both NSO and civil registry record are blurred, then the person should file a petition for correction.

Wrong Spelling

Misspelled first name, middle name, or the last name should be corrected by filing a petition or correction of clerical error.

No First Name, No Middle Name, No Last Name

If all or any of these names are blank in the birth certificate; a supplemental report should be filed to supply the missing entry. Special cases NO MIDDLE NAME:

A. IF LEGITIMATE

File a supplemental report through an affidavit indicating the missing entry and the reason why there was a failure to include the middle name.

1. If illegitimate and acknowledged by the father
In this case, file a supplemental report to enter the missing middle name. The last name of the mother shall be the middle of the child.
2. If illegitimate and not acknowledged by the father
An illegitimate child who is not recognized by the father could only bear his/her given name together with the mother’s surname, the middle name should not be supplied anymore.

B. Different from the middle name entered on the birth certificate

File a petition for correction if the last name of the mother of the child is correct and middle name of the child is wrong or if the last name of the mother in the birth certificate of the child is wrong and middle name of the child is correct.

C. Middle Names of the child and the mother in the birth certificate are wrong

In this case, a petition to correct the middle name of the child and the last name of the mother in the birth certificate should be filed at the Regional Trial Court of the province where the civil registry is located. Prepare any supporting document showing the correct middle name of the child.

D. Interchanged middle and last name

This kind of error is considered error encoding and could be corrected by filing a petition for correction of clerical error.

E. For compound middle names like Dela Cruz, Quintos Deles, Villa Roman

The middle initial that should be used should be the first letter of the middle name. For Dela Cruz, the middle initial should be “D”. For Quintos Deles “Q”. For Villa Roman “V”.

F. Middle initial is entered in the birth certificate instead of the full middle name

The entry should be corrected by a petition for correction of clerical error.

Special cases of ILLEGITIMATE CHILD LAST NAME:

A. If born before August 3, 1988

• If acknowledged by both parents the child shall use the surname of the father.
• If the child is recognized by only one of the parents, a child shall use the surname of the recognizing parent.
• Child under the surname of the mother and acknowledged by the father through authentic writing. The authentic writing executed by the father can be used as the basis for you to use his last name.

B. If born after August 3, 1988

• If the birth certificate is already registered and child is under the surname of the mother and the father executed an affidavit of acknowledgment, an affidavit of acknowledgment executed by the father should be registered with the civil registry office where the birth of the child was registered. An Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father (AUSF) should also be filed at the civil registry office where the birth is registered.

• If the birth certificate is already registered and child is under the surname of the mother and a Private Handwritten Instrument (PHI) by the father is presented, the PHI should be the basis to use the surname of the father. An Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father (AUSF) should also be filed at the civil registry office where the birth is registered.

• If the birth certificate is not yet registered and the father acknowledges the child at the back of the birth certificate or in a separate public instrument, the father’s surname should be used by the child in the Certificate of Live Birth. The Certificate of Live Birth shall be recorded in the Register of Births.

Special cases FIRST NAME:

A. The first name used is different from the first name entered on the birth certificate

In this case, the first name in the birth certificate shall be changed by filing a petition for change of the first name.

B. The first name is “Baby Boy”, “Baby Girl”, “Boy”, “Girl”, “Baby”

• If the child is born before 1993, the above-mentioned first names are considered as if the first names were omitted; a supplemental report should be filled.

• If the child is born in 1993 onwards, names “Baby Boy”, “Baby Girl”, “Baby”, “Boy” and “Girl” are already considered as a first name and can be corrected by filing a petition for change of the first name.

WHO CAN FILE THE CORRECTION:

1. The owner of the document or any authorized representative

2. National Statistics Office

3. Owner of the record

4. Owners spouse

5. Children

6. Parents

7. Siblings

8. Grandparents

9. Guardian

10. Another person duly authorized by law or by the owner of the document sought to be corrected

11. If the owner of the record is a minor or physically or mentally incapacitated, the petition may be filed by the above-mentioned list.

WHERE TO FILE

If born in the Philippines, the petition for corrections should be filed at the Civil registry office or municipality where the birth certificate is registered. If the petition is migrated to another place within the country, the petition may be filed with the civil registry office where he/she is currently residing.

If born abroad, the petition should be filled at the Philippine Consulate Office where the birth is reported.

SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS NEEDED

1. Certified machine copy of the birth record containing the entry to be corrected;

2. At least two (2) private or public documents which could be the basis of correction such as baptismal certificate, voters affidavit, employment record, GSIS/SSS record, medical record, business record, driver’s license, insurance, land titles, certificate of land transfer, bank passbook, NBI/police clearance, civil registry records of ascendants;

3. Notice/Certificate of Posting

4. Filing fee

5. Other documents which may be required by the concerned civil registrar.

Note: “If you are considered as an indigent petitioner, the filing fee should be free of charge. This is in accordance of the Implementing Rules and Regulations, section 8 of the law as amended by RA 10172 which states that “an indigent petitioner refers to a destitute, needy and poor individual who is certified as such by the social welfare and development office of the city/municipal government.”

We hope that you find this article helpful, and most of your concerns you find the solution from here.

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